Kvinder, der stemmer rødt, stemmer i blinde

Diverse — Drokles on February 1, 2012 at 7:19 pm

Det er ingen hemmelighed at kvinder stemmer mere til venstre for midten end mænd. Og det er ingen hemmelighed at kvinder er venligere stemt overfor indvandring fra primitive kulturer end mænd. Satoshi Kanazawa giver i Psykology Today svaret på det fænomen

So, contrary to popular belief, you can assess people’s character and personality by simply looking at them.  Nice people look nice, and nasty people look nasty, and it appears that humans have innate psychological mechanisms to tell them apart.  Now, in a truly groundbreaking study, recently published in the Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, Jeffrey M. Valla, Stephen J. Ceci, and Wendy M. Williams of Cornell University show that people can tell criminals and noncriminals apart simply by looking at their still photos.  Criminals, it appears, look different from noncriminals.

In their experiments, Valla et al. show pictures of the faces of 32 young Caucasian men in their 20s, without scars, tattoos or excessive facial hair, all in neutral expressions.  Sixteen of them are convicted criminals, and the other sixteen are not.  Valla et al. simply ask their experimental participants to indicate how likely they think it is that each man is a certain type of criminal (murderer, rapist, thief, forgerer, assailant, arsonist, and drug dealer) on a 7-point Likert scale from 1 = extremely unlikely to 7 = extremely likely.  Their results from two experiments consistently show that individuals can tell who is a criminal and who is not, by indicating that they believe the actual criminals have higher probability of being a criminal than actual noncriminals.

However, their results also show that individuals cannot tell what type of criminals they are.  While Valla et al. are initially puzzled by this finding, it is actually consistent with what we know from criminology.  As I explain in an earlier post, criminals do not specialize.  Men who commit one type of crimes are more likely to commit other types of crimes.  (Remember O. J. Simpson?)  Even though, for their experiments, Valla et al. carefully select pictures of criminals who are convicted of only one type of crimes, in empirical reality, there are no men who are only murderers (and do not and will not commit other types of crimes) or men who are only thieves (and do not and will not commit other types of crimes).  Given time, some men would commit other types of crimes.  In empirical reality, there are men who commit (all types of) crimes, and there are men who do not.  And Valla et al.’s experiments show that individuals can tell them apart because the two types of men look different.

There is one seemingly anomalous finding in their paper.  In both experiments, women are unable to spot rapists.  Women consistently rate convicted rapists to be less likely to be criminal than not only other types of criminals but noncriminals as well!

Hvis de blot kunne se, hvad vi kan se med vores egne øjne.

2 Kommentarer »

  1. Et godt grin:

    http://pjmedia.com/zombie/2012/01/31/the-coming-of-the-new-ice-age-end-of-the-global-warming-era/?singlepage=true

    Comment by Universalgeni — February 1, 2012 @ 7:35 pm
  2. Ja uanset om det bliver varmere eller koldere er løsningen den samme; mere skat, mere besvær, mindre frihed. Det er det samme med Helle Thornings skattepolitik de to gange hun er gået til valgkamp. Da det stadig gik godt under Fogh skulle skatten op fordi der var råd til bedre velfærd. Da det gik skidt under Løkke skulle skatten op for at klare krisen. Skatten skal bare op.

    Comment by Drokles — February 1, 2012 @ 7:56 pm

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