Muslimsk Broderskab

Diverse — Drokles on March 28, 2011 at 5:14 pm

Fra New York Times

As the best organized and most extensive opposition movement in Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood was expected to have an edge in the contest for influence. But what surprises many is its link to a military that vilified it.

“There is evidence the Brotherhood struck some kind of a deal with the military early on,” said Elijah Zarwan, a senior analyst with the International Crisis Group. “It makes sense if you are the military — you want stability and people off the street. The Brotherhood is one address where you can go to get 100,000 people off the street.”

There is a battle consuming Egypt about the direction of its revolution, and the military council that is now running the country is sending contradictory signals. On Wednesday, the council endorsed a plan to outlaw demonstrations and sit-ins. Then, a few hours later, the public prosecutor announced that the former interior minister and other security officials would be charged in the killings of hundreds during the protests.

Egyptians are searching for signs of clarity in such declarations, hoping to discern the direction of a state led by a secretive military council brought to power by a revolution based on demands for democracy, rule of law and an end to corruption.

“We are all worried,” said Amr Koura, 55, a television producer, reflecting the opinions of the secular minority. “The young people have no control of the revolution anymore. It was evident in the last few weeks when you saw a lot of bearded people taking charge. The youth are gone.”

Artiklen hæfter sig ved nogle ildevarslende tegn på Broderskabets overtagelse af “revolutionen”, hvor de dukker op i lidt for prominent selskab eller som medskribenter på forfatningsudkast. Men mest af alt at det første parlamentsvalg hastes igennem, hvilket giver de to bedst organiserede grupper, Mubaraks gamle socialdemokratiske parti og selvfølgelig Broderskabet en klar fordel, som Kirsten Stilt uddyber ligeledes i New York Times

The youth movement and others who are seeking deeper reforms face a nearly impossible task in the coming months. In the short time before the parliamentary elections take place, they must prepare themselves to compete nationwide against two powerful and entrenched groups: the National Democratic Party (N.D.P.) and the Muslim Brotherhood.

The N.D.P., while re-forming under a new name, will continue to utilize the same structures of power and patronage that it enjoyed as the ruling party during Mubarak’s regime. The Muslim Brotherhood, a longstanding religious-political movement, has now formed the Justice and Freedom Party, which will operate through the Brotherhood’s deep channels of support all over the country.

The N.D.P. and the Muslim Brotherhood now share many common goals. Both sought to hold parliamentary elections quickly, which gives them a distinct advantage over the youth and others who led the revolution. With a stunning display of organization, the revolutionaries sparked and led a widespread movement that brought down the regime. They were not organized political actors prior to that time, however, and this is the source of their problem today.

Det har været en bemærkelsesværdig oplevelse at følge dækning af den ægyptiske udvikling i de danske medier, hvor Broderskabet måske er blevet nævnt, men helst ikke medregnet, som en potent medspiller i det ægyptiske samfund. Endda har man oplevet flere kommentatorer og især politikere på venstrefløjen gøre moral ud af simple magtanalyser, der indeholdt Broderskabet. Det var onde tanker. Men Broderskabet er ikke blot en stærk organisation man skal tage hensyn til, men et udtryk for en del af den ægyptiske folkelighed, der ikke hviler på den form for progressivitet, der har udviklet demonstranternes mobiltelefoner og andet Twitteri. Det er en folkelighed blandt mange bagstræberiske værdier bl.a. af mandschauvenisme.

Da den amerikanske reporter Lara Logan blev overfaldet og seksuelt forulempet af de tilstedeværende mænd på Tahirpladsen blev det i første omgang udlagt, som et enkeltstående tilfælde (selv om det var spektakulært omstændighederne taget i betragtning). For på kvindernes internationale Kampdag stak den ægyptiske folkesjæl igen ansigtet frem da en gruppe kvinder ville markere sig. Fra Christian Science Monitor

But almost immediately, they were outnumbered and beset upon by men who gathered. Some of the men were from the protesters’ encampment in the middle of the square.

Dozens of women engaged in arguments with the men, who said that women had enough rights already; that now was not the time to demand inclusion; or that Islam does not allow a woman to become president. Some of the men were polite; many were aggressive. Soon, a large group gathered in front of the protest, shouting it down with insults. A sheikh from Al Azhar was hoisted on mens’ shoulders, chanting against the women.

“Go home, go wash clothes,” yelled some of the men. “You are not married; go find a husband.” Others said, “This is against Islam.” To the men demonstrating with the women, they yelled “Shame on you!”

Suddenly, the men decided the women had been there long enough. Yelling, they rushed aggressively upon the protest, pushing violently through the rows of women. The women scattered. Eyewitnesses said they saw three women being chased by the crowd. A surge of men followed them, and Army officers fired shots into the air to make the men retreat.

The men took over the raised platform where the women had held their demonstration, as many of the women trembled in rage. During the melee, one of the attacking men groped Fatima Mansour, a college student who wore purple for International Women’s Day and argued eloquently with a man who said it was unIslamic for a woman to become president, quoting the Quran back at him. Sexual harassment is a common indignity for women in Cairo, though it virtually disappeared during the first few days of the uprising.

Det er tydeligt at det Muslimske Broderskab ikke begrænser sig til en enkelt organisation, som det også er tydeligt at broderskab i den muslimske forståelse ikke er udstrakt til søskende generelt. Det var i hvert fald næppe den stemning Villy Søvndal befamlede da han euforisk besøgte Tahirpladsen. Det var mere, som SF og venstrefløjen generelt nok mest ønsketænkning. Så lad os andre om de onde tanker.

3 Kommentarer »

  1. They are no more than mere hirelings belonging to the foreigners We are unable to perceive the road to action as you perceive it Banna later wrote that the Europeans had expropriated the resources of Muslim lands and corrupted them with murderous germs They imported their half-naked women into these regions together with their liquors their theatres their dance halls their amusements their stories their newspapers their novels their whims their silly games and their vices The day must come when the castles of this materialistic civilisation will be laid low upon the heads of their inhabitants..Banna argued that Islam provided a complete solution with divine guidance on everything from worship and spiritual matters to the law politics and social organisation. If time pressures push me towards one aspect the others still cant be neglected..As Egypt has changed over the past fortnight with young people propelling themselves dramatically into the heart of the countrys political future so too has the brotherhood where an ageing leadership clique has been challenged by a fresher generation of members keen to take a more confrontational stance with the Mubarak regime and quicker to forge alliances with forces the brotherhood have traditionally not been warm towards such as Coptic Christian and womens groups..The reformist wing within the brotherhood will be strengthened at the expense of the conservative old guard said Khalil al-Anani an expert on Egypts political Islamists at Durham University..The Mubarak regime was very skilful at exaggerating the influence of the Brotherhood and painting them as a threat to Egyptian society and to the west he added.

    Comment by business daily — April 1, 2011 @ 6:26 pm
  2. There is a lot of exaggeration about this organization and it is used to frighten women here and Western women too. Men and women protested in the square and died in the square together.No it was not the Muslim Brotherhood who hurt women it was Mubaraks people who entered the square and killed.

    Comment by Louis Eugene Carabini — April 1, 2011 @ 7:58 pm
  3. ………..Egyptian Women The Muslim Brotherhood Bros before hos or no?…………. Thats definitely worrying but of greatest concern to me is the question of whether Egyptian women would see most of their rights taken away if Egypt falls under the religious rights rule just as what happened after Irans 1979 revolution. And if they would then perhaps our greatest hope for keeping the Muslim Brotherhood from taking over in Egypt is Egypts women..Does the Muslim Brotherhood pose a real threat?

    Comment by Louis Eugene Carabini — April 2, 2011 @ 7:34 am

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