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Antisemitisme, Forbrydelse og straf, Israel, venstrefløjen — Drokles on January 28, 2009 at 4:06 am

I Jyllands-Posten kunne man se denne tegning over tunnelfænomenet

gaza_tunnel_146933a.jpg

Den illustrerede mur vækker ingen debat til daglig fordi den ikke er israelsk, men arabisk. Intet land er underlagt en så minutiøs kritik af sine handlinger, som Israel. Hver en handling vendes og drejes for forbrydelser, overtrædelser af konventioner eller vejes moralsk på en vægt opstillet til formålet. Ved at Israel nægter at lade sig udslette og forsvarer sine egne og sine grænser, som enhver anstændig nation ville og skal gøre får vi at vide, at det blot skaber mere had, mere frustration og er kimen til fremtidig konflikt. Israel har ikke blot skyld for alt sket, men får også skylden for alt, der kommer til at ske. Manuskriptet er skrvet på forhånd med fast rollefordeling. Under overskriften “Krigsforbrydelser i Gaza skal undersøges” skriver Information

Da Gaza-krigen var slut, var der over 100 dræbte palæstinensere for hver israeler. Skete alle disse drab inden for de internationale loves rammer, og hvis ikke, hvem bærer så skylden?

Begik Israel eller dets fjende, Hamas, krigsforbrydelser i løbet af de 22 døgns luftangreb, raketbeskydninger og kampe på landjorden i Gaza? I en vis forstand er spørgsmålet akademisk, i og med at Israel ikke anerkender konflikten som international.

Alligevel er der ifølge internationale retseksperter seks afgørende punkter, der indikerer krigsforbrydelser i den 22 dage lange Gaza-krig:

1. Proportionalitet

Op mod hundrede gange flere palæstinensere end israelere er dræbt. Ifølge det palæstinensiske sundhedsministerium blev der dræbt 1.314 palæstinensere, hvoraf de 412 var børn eller teenagere under 18, mens 110 var kvinder.

På israelsk side var der 13 dødsfald mellem 27. december og 17. januar, hvoraf tre var civile, der blev dræbt af raketter fra Gaza. Af de ti dræbte soldater blev de fire udsat for ‘venlig ild’ - det vil sige dræbt af deres egne.

Proportionalitet er imidlertid ikke kun et spørgsmål om tal. Det vil også blive diskuteret, hvorvidt den ødelæggelse, som Israels massive hær, flåde og luftvåben forårsagede, stod i et rimeligt forhold til den trussel, som Hamas’ militante udgjorde over for civile israelere, med de raketangreb, der i sig selv udgjorde en overtrædelse af international humanitær ret.

Og så gennemgås kampe i byområder, Hvid Fosfor, DIME bomber og civile, som mål - nu ber’ jeg dem. Med hensyn til om Israels militære svar stod i et rimeligt forhold til truslen fra Hamas, så er israelske soldater endnu engang kommet under angreb. Konklusionen må være at Israel lider af den sygdom, der hedder “alt for flink”. At Israel er omgivet af fjender, der skuppelløst spekulerer i Israels samvittighed er ikke noget, der forstyrrer især venstrefløjens besatte optagethed af at placere skylden hos netop Israel. Lad mig rette lidt på proportionerne i dækningen af slaget i Gaza. Fra Jerusalem Post

The classic coach’s mantra - that the best defense is a good offense - was at the center of a set of legal talking points passed from the IDF to the Justice Ministry as part of a joint effort to counter war-crimes allegations against Israel related to Operation Cast Lead.

In addition to stressing the role of humanitarian instruction and legal counsel in IDF operational decision-making, the strategy involves a heavy dose of turning the tables on Hamas and emphasizing the terrorist group’s own humanitarian violations.

Under the heading “distinction,” the accompanying slide show emphasize Hamas’s use of civilian structures with special status and protection such as mosques and medical facilities, describing it as part of Hamas’s “modus operandi.”

The use of such structures, the presentation emphasizes, “renders them legitimate military targets.” It then stresses that this behavior by Hamas “is in breach of international law and amounts to war crimes.”

The talking points blast Hamas for “intentionally and systematically endangering civilians by imbedding themselves within the civilian population,” and condemn Hamas’s “despicable methods of warfare” which “have forced the IDF to fight within densely populated areas.”

“It is important to keep in mind,” the slide show continues, “that the alternative to this warfare was not to carry hostilities in the open battlefield - this was not an option - but to abstain from responding to Hamas’s attacks altogether. This is not an option for any democracy whose civilians are systematically and continuously under attack.”

Hamas, the writers claim, seized the contents of “many humanitarian convoys” for its own use “or to be sold to Palestinian civilians on the black market.”

Specific headings of the talking points convey the assumption that would-be advocates will face questions on proportionality, use of incendiary weapons, including white phosphorous, and treatment of detainees.

(…)

“The IDF activity in the Gaza Strip during Operation Cast Lead revealed the full extent to which Hamas and the other terrorist organizations exploit the civilian population as human shields,” wrote the IICC in the bulletin, which the organization said “presents examples of the terrorist infrastructure, seen superimposed on aerial photographs to complement the report on the use Hamas and the other terrorist organizations make of civilians as human shields.”

IICC’s luftfotografier kan ses her. Fra Camera

As the media broadcast and discuss images of destruction in the Gaza Strip, it is essential that they recall, and alert the public to, the context within which those images exist — most narrowly, that during the fighting Hamas launched attacks against Israel from crowded and built up civilian areas.

By basing its leaders, fighters and rocket launchers near or inside homes, mosques and schools, Hamas chose to put its neighbors in the line of fire, and invited destruction that, even with today’s most advanced guided weapons and with unprecedented attempts to reduce civilian casualties, is an inevitable result of contemporary urban warfare.

Some media reports have referred to the mingling of Hamas fighters among civilians as merely an Israeli claim. One unsigned report by the Associated Press, for example, reported that “Israel says Hamas militants are launching rockets from civilian areas and using non-combatants as human shields” (emphasis added; AP, “Israel denies attack on clan members in Gaza town,” Jan. 10, 2009).

This is a partial and misleading truth. In fact, it is not only Israel but also independent journalists and Palestinian witness who have attested to Hamas’s self-serving and illegal tactic.

To be sure, Israeli officials and soldiers have drawn attention to the issue. Gabriela Shalev, the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations, said on Jan. 14, 2009 that “Hamas and terrorists like it … view civilians not as a population to be avoided in an armed conflict but as a population to be exploited in an armed conflict.” Israeli soldiers have told reporters of discovering schools rigged with explosives and homes serving as weapons depots, and intelligence officers have noted that some Hamas leaders took shelter in a hospital basement. Maps seized during the military operation provide other examples of the organization’s intentional mixing of weapons and civilians.

There is also video evidence from IDF aircraft showing Hamas rocket activity from a schoolyard and just outside of schools, secondary explosions caused by weaponry stored in mosques, and military attacks from Palestinian homes.

While the videos linked to above and numerous other similar clips released by Israel provide incontrovertible evidence of Hamas locating military objectives within and near densely populated areas, they do originate from Israeli sources. Still, to report only that “Israel says” Hamas bases itself among civilians amounts to error of omission.

På Camera kan man tillige se erfaringerne med skyld og tabstal fra kampene i Libanon i 2006 og man kan også se denne begavede gennemgang af de informationer vi allerede har til rådighed. Camera igen

As Israel’s Operation Cast Lead winds down in Gaza, controversy rages over whether Israel used indiscriminate and excessive force. Israel defends its actions claiming that ¾ of the fatalities were Hamas members or other combatants opposing Israeli forces. The Palestinian claim, echoed in much of the media coverage, is that the vast majority of the fatalities were unarmed civilians.

A complicating factor in quantifying the number of civilian casualties is the call by Hamas leaders for their members to shed their uniforms and fight in civilian clothing ( “Gaza War Full of Traps and Trickery,”New York Times, Jan. 11, 2009).

CAMERA examined the data collected by the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR), which provides the most comprehensive tally of casualty figures in Gaza. The results of CAMERA’s analysis are summarized below.

An Analysis of the Fatalities by Age and Gender Suggests Combatants May Have Been Misidentified as Civilians

The most recent weekly update records 1042 Palestinian fatalities through Jan. 14. It defines 698 of these fatalities as civilians (67 percent) and an additional 166 “civil police officers” (16 percent) it also regards as non-combatants. Included in the civilian fatality total are:

• 230 children (defined as those aged 17 or under)

• 76 women

• 392 (38 percent of all fatalities) adult men labeled as civilians

A statistical analysis of the data raises questions about the accuracy of PCHRs application of the civilian label to adult men and to male teenagers.

Table of tabulated PCHR data from Weekly reports

* this number excludes males age 15-17.

These statistics raise questions about the accuracy of PCHR’s data and its labeling of combatants and civilians. First, there is an unusually high proportion of fatalities in the adult male group, the same group which provides nearly all of the combatants.

• Out of 1042 fatalities, at least 782 were males aged 15 or higher. While males over age 15 make up approximately 25 percent of the Gaza population, they made up over 75 percent of the fatalities.

• Where the data is broken down by age, it is clear most fatalities were males between ages 15 and 40.
Is it a coincidence that this is also the age range of most of those identified as combatants?

Even after excluding those identified by PCHR as combatants, there is still a disproportionate number of fatalities among this age group in relation to their representation in the population. Given reports that Hamas fighters shed their uniforms and were indistinguishable from civilians, and given footage from the conflict showing people actively engaged in shooting from within crowds of civilians, it is right to question how it is possible for PCHR to distinguish combatants from those of the same age range who accompany them in battle.

It has also been widely reported that Hamas militants executed a number of Fatah supporters. The estimates vary at this point from a low estimate of 10 to as many as 70. Are these buried in the PCHR figures for civilian deaths?

Among Child Fatalities, an Unusual Proportion are Males Aged 15 to 17

PCHR records 230 child fatalities to January 14. But it gives specific age and gender information for only 172 . Of these 172, 49 (28 percent) are 15 -17 year old males. Considering that this age group accounts for approximately 8 percent of the under-18 population, 15-17 year old males are overrepresented as fatalities. Since Palestinian terror groups are known to have used teenagers from this age category to carry out suicide bombings, it is not unreasonable to suspect that a number of these teenage fatalities resulted from them having participated in combat.

A Note on Child Casualties

A significant proportion of the child and women fatalities were the result of targeted attacks on the homes of Hamas leaders. Israel reports that these homes serve as command quarters and as munitions depots where arms are stored. Israel claims that it notifies the occupants of houses it plans to hit before attacking them. PCHR corroborated this claim in at least one instance. In two instances, Israeli warnings were ignored and large numbers of children and women, the families of the targeted senior Hamas officials, were killed.

Der er generelt god grund til at stole mere på Israels oplysninger end noget andet da Israel ikke blot er en retsstat, men også et åbent demokrati. Løgne om krigsforbrydelser vil logisk ikke kunne forties i Israel med mindre man har en ide om et særligt konspirativt forhold blandt jøder. Og det er måske en underliggende præmis for venstrefløjens syn på Israel. For hvor er forargelsen når jøder ikke er i spil? Som denne historie fra det tidligere modtagerland af dansk bistand ifølge Kristeligt Dagblad

En omfattende humanitær krise er under udvikling i Sri Lanka, siger Røde Kors. Flere hundrede mennesker er blevet dræbt og 250.000 er indespærret af kampe.

Hospitaler og sundhedscentre i områder, der tidligere var kontrolleret af oprørerne i De Tamilske Tigre (LTTE) melder ifølge Den Internationale Røde Kors Komité om “hundredvis af døde og snesevis af sårede” under regeringsstyrkernes offensiv mod den sidste stribe land under oprørernes dominans.

- Mennesker bliver fanget i krydsild, sygehuse og ambulancer bliver ramt af granater og flere nødhjælpsarbejdere er blevet såret, mens de evakuerede er ofre for konflikten, hedder det i en udtalelse fra Røde Kors.

Regeringsstyrkerne presser på i et forsøg på at få bragt den 25 år lange konflikt til en afslutning, og de indtog søndag Mullaittivu, som var den sidste større by under oprørernes kontrol.

Vil venstrefløjen gå i demonstration i tusindvis med fakler og billeder af dræbte? Eller vil den hellere sidde hjemme og forarges over X-Factor indtil jøden igen er at bebrejde?

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