Erdogan

Diverse, EU, Erdogan, Tyrkiet, islam, muhammed, Økonomi og finans — Drokles on February 9, 2014 at 1:10 pm

Tidligere udenrigsminister Uffe Ellemann Jensen skrev i en kommentar i Berlingske Tidende i sommer

Protesterne i Tyrkiet ryster landets status som rollemodel i en grad, som skaber ekstra bump på vejen mod EU-medlemskab. Men situationen, som har mere til fælles med ungdomsoprøret i 1968 end »Det Arabiske Forår«, kan også ende med at styrke det højt besungne tyrkiske demokrati.

Og sådan fortsatte kommentaren, der trods bekymrede forbehold oste af Ellemann velkendte optimisme for Tyrkiet som et civiliseret land. Ellemann skriver i en grundlæggende dobbelttydig stil som at Erdogan selv har “bidraget til det indtryk af magtfuldkommenhed“, at “Erdogan har ikke formået at skabe tillid” og at hans “stil er blevet mere og mere autokratisk” og det har “skabt mulighed for, at det førende oppositionsparti (CHP) kunne puste til ilden, da de første demonstrationer begyndte“. Men meningen er klar og falder i hak med Ellemanns mangeårige advokeren for at Tyrkiet skal være en del af de hensygnende men stadigt rimeligt civiliserede lande i EU.

Premierminister Erdogan og hans regerende AK-parti har et solidt folkeligt mandat, som er blevet bekræftet ved flere valg, siden de kom til magten i 2002. Samtidig har Erdogan stået i spidsen for en formidabel økonomisk succes og tillige en række politiske og sociale reformer, som er de mest vidtgående, siden Atatürk skabte det moderne Tyrkiet.

(…)

Tyrkiet har hidtil været en rollemodel, og er blevet fremhævet som et eksempel på, at et islamisk land kan have et rimeligt velfungerende demokrati. Og en sådan rollemodel er der hårdt brug for, nu hvor befolkningerne i mange af regionens lande søger at finde ud af, hvilken vej de vil gå.

(…)

Rollemodellen er rystet. Så meget, at det også kan bremse Tyrkiets videre vej ind i EU, som i forvejen rummer mange forhindringer. Håbet er, at der ud af rystelserne kommer et endnu stærkere tyrkisk demokrati. Det vil være i alles interesse.

Kedelige kræfter konspirerer mod noget grundlæggende sundt. David P Goldman var i december stadigt ikke imponeret over den formidable økonomiske succes som Ellemanns rollemodel tilskrives

Turkey is a mediocre economy at best with a poorly educated workforce, no high-tech capacity, and shrinking markets in depressed Europe and the unstable Arab world. Its future might well be as an economic tributary of China, as the “New Silk Road” extends high-speed rail lines to the Bosporus.

For the past ten years we have heard ad nauseum about the “Turkish model” of “Muslim democracy.” The George W. Bush administration courted Erdogan even before he became prime minister, and Obama went out of his way to make Erdogan his principal pal in foreign policy. I have been ridiculing this notion for years, for example in this 2010 essay for Tablet.

The whole notion was flawed from top to bottom. Turkey was not in line to become an economic power of any kind: it lacked the people and skills to do anything better than medium-tech manufacturing. Its Islamists never were democrats. Worst of all, its demographics are as bad as Europe’s. Ethnic Turks have a fertility rate close to 1.5 children per family, while the Kurdish minority is having 4 children per family. Within a generation half of Turkey’s young men will come from families where Kurdish is the first language.

(…)

Now the hashish smoke has cleared, Erdogan’s Cave of Wonders has turned back into a sandpit, and the foreign policy establishment has nothing to show for years of propitiation of this Anatolian wannabe except a headache.

Now that Turkey is coming unstuck, along with Libya, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq, we should conclude that the entire project of bringing stability to the Muslim world was a hookah-dream to begin with. Except for the state of Israel and a couple of Sunni monarchies that survive by dint of their oil wealth, we are witnessing the unraveling of the Middle East. The best we can do is to insulate ourselves from the spillover effect.

Og EU viser også tegn på stigende bekymring, skriver Wall Street Journal

Turkey’s parliament passed a bill that would allow authorities to shut websites without a court ruling, in a move critics slammed as an effort by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan to silence dissent and expand his media control.

Lawmakers led by the premier’s Justice and Development Party, or AKP, approved the measure late Wednesday, despite charges that it would significantly curtail free speech and intrude on personal freedoms.

The law, which must be approved by President Abdullah Gül to take effect, would allow the agency charged with monitoring telecommunications to block access to Internet sites within four hours of receiving complaints about privacy violations. Turkey’s web hosts would also have to store all traffic information for up to two years, according to the measure.

(…)

“The Turkish public deserves more information and more transparency, not more restrictions,” said Peter Stano, spokesman for the European Commissioner for Enlargement Stefan Füle. “The law needs to be revised in line with European standards.”

Turkey’s leading industry and business association, TUSIAD, has warned the legislation will lead to wider censorship, while the Committee to Protect Journalists described the law as radical.

(…)

Mr. Erdogan’s move to put curbs on the Internet follows a corruption investigation that started mid-December and has ensnared some of the premier’s political and business allies. More than 20 suspects have been jailed, all of whom deny the charges. The prime minister has cast the graft probe as a foreign-backed plot to topple his government and derail Turkey’s economic progress.

Images, videos and sound clips allegedly pertaining to the bribery case went viral online, prompting the government to claim the investigation is politically motivated and resulting in the removal of a lead prosecutor for allegedly breaching confidentiality rules.

The draft law to broaden the telecommunications monitor’s powers comes just weeks after the government moved to tighten its grip on the judiciary, removing thousands of police officers, prosecutors and judges from their posts.

Og dette er blot seneste skridt i en udvikling, der har været igang væk fra “et endnu stærkere tyrkisk demokrati” lige siden Erdogan satte sig som premierminister, skriver Ryan Mauro for Clarion Project, der også minder om at Erdogans terrorforbindelser

The Turkish government continues to cleanse the judiciary and security services of opponents as new questions about its links to terrorists arise.

The Islamist government of Turkey has been embroiled in a major political crisis since December 17 when dozens of allies of Prime Minister Erdogan were arrested on corruption charges. Erdogan responded by canning the prosecutors and police chiefs responsible. He blamed foreign governments and  a U.S.-based Turkish cleric named Fethullah Gulen.

In January, the Turkish government fired 96 judges and prosecutors and fired or reassigned 2,000 police officers and prosecutors, including 470 in the capital city of Ankara. Erdogan said that the actions were taken to stop a “coup” and “the judiciary should not go beyond its mission and mandate.”

New attention is also being given to Erdogan’s links to Islamist terrorists.

Erdogan is particularly close to the Humanitarian Relief Foundation (IHH) that was involved in the Mavi Marmara incident in 2010 where its operatives attacked Israeli soldiers boarding a vessel that tried to violate the blockade on the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip. The blockade’s purpose is to stop Hamas from arming, but Erdogan does not consider Hamas to be a terrorist group. The U.S. State department does list Hamas as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.

The IHH is labeled a terrorist organization by Germany, the Netherlands and Israel. There is bipartisan support in the U.S. Congress for doing the same because of its extensive links to Hamas and Al-Qaeda.

On January 1, the Turkish police intercepted a truck allegedly owned by IHH that was shipping weapons to Syria. The involved police and counter-terrorism officers were reassigned and the prosecutoraccused the Turkish government of obstruction for stopping a search of the truck.

On January 14, the Turkish security services arrested 23 suspected terrorists in raids on the IHH. A senior Al-Qaeda operative was among those detained. The Deputy Prime Minister immediatelycondemned the raids and sided with IHH over his own country’s authorities. Again, two police officers were fired, as were bodyguards for eight involved prosecutors.

Erdogan’s links to a Saudi terrorism-financier named Yasir al-Qadi are getting scrutinized by some Turkish commentators. The U.N. required that member states freeze his assets in 2001 because it was convinced of the evidence against him. As with the IHH, the Erdogan government says its friend is innocent.

The Turkish government also has an abysmal record on press freedom. The Committee to Protect Journalists says that more journalists were imprisoned in Turkey than in any other country in the last two years. In addition, over 70 reporters lost their jobs after reporting on anti-government protests that erupted last summer.

“We need to underline that the Turkish press is no longer doing investigative reporting,” says Ertugrul Ozkok, who held the position of editor-in-chief of the Hurriyet newspaper for 20 years.

Måske kan man argumentere at Erdogans vej væk fra demokratiet fremmer et opgør med ham der fører til demokrati. I så fald kan intet gå galt. Men indtil videre ser de internationale komplikationer som EU nok kunne være foruden

President Obama praised the partnership between the U.S. and Turkey in May when the Turkish prime minister visited the White House. The two men have spoken frequently about the unstable situations in Egypt, Syria, and other nations. In the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, Turkey and the U.S. cooperated effectively against terrorism.

But the relationships with people connected to Hamas and al-Qaida is such a problem, argues Schanzer, that it might even qualify Turkey as a state sponsor of terrorism. Now, there are only four countries currently on that list: Cuba, Iran, Sudan, and Syria. All four nations provide support for acts of terrorism, both domestically and internationally. For example, Iran has previously sent people to Argentina to blow up synagogues in Jewish community centers, among other instances.

Such a designation from the U.S. government would be quite drastic and is highly unlikely to happen, considering that it threatens an alliance that has, according to U.S. officials, helped many American efforts in the region. Turkey is critical in overthrowing the Assad regime in Syria and containing Iran. A terror designation, which hasn’t been given since 1993, would mean sanctions and political isolation.

However, that is not saying American officials have not directly gone to Turkish officials and expressed their concern in this area. They have done so to “the highest levels,” according to former U.S. Ambassador to Turkey James Jeffrey, who served from 2008 to 2010.

Men det kommer selvfølgelig an på, hvad man vil med EU. Personligt vil jeg bare ikke være i selskab med endnu flere tyrkere.

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